Objective: To describe the anatomic fecal continence mechanism, the mechanism of action, the complex trauma itself and the reconstructive principles and to present the evidence-based results in a large scale study of a comprehensive approach to the repair of complex sphincter ani rupture.
Materials and Methods: A total of 1,014 women with sphincter ani rupture were operated by a personal operation technique exactly in the opposite order of the trauma, first the internal sphincter, then the external sphincter in end-to-end fashion and lastly the perineal body with meticulous attention to detail.
Results: At first attempt the sphincter ani rupture had healed in 924 patients (91%) and at final attempt 988 patients (98%) had healed with incontinence in 10 and a failure was noted in 26 patients out of whom 10 were inoperable.
Conclusion: This operation technique is highly effective since the normal functional anatomy is reconstructed and restored along with the physiology. It can be recommended to the low-, middle- and high-income world as evidence-based standard.
Corresponding Author: WAALDIJK K.|